Although Malaysia industrial automationreduces the need for manufacturing workers to perform manual labour, operators are still needed to keep an eye on the machines and perform maintenance. An industrial automation system, on the other hand, eliminates the need for human involvement in the process.The implementation of such a system allows the entire production process to be carried out without the involvement of humans from the beginning to the end.Based on the different functions that need to be developed, several automation solutions can be used.The production equipment in a Fixed Automation System is fixed with a fixed set of operations or duties, and these processes rarely vary. Continuous flow processes, such as conveyors and mass production systems, often call for the deployment of a Fixed Automation System.Automated Control System with ProgrammabilityElectronic controls allow for changes to be made to the machine’s operation sequence and configuration in a Programmable Automation System. Reprogramming the machines in this system takes a long time and is typically done in a batch approach.System of Automated FlexibilityA flexible automation system is one in which the product changes regularly and is typically controlled by computers. The best illustration of this system is a CNC machine. The computer receives a code from the operator that is specific to a given work, and it uses that code to acquire the production tools and equipment it needs.Automated Control and Data Acquisition SystemTo implement an automation system, an Integrated Automation System (IAS) consists of a collection of separate machines, processes, and data that work together in unison under the management of a single system. All computer-controlled tools and machines, robots, cranes, and conveyors are connected with complex scheduling and production control using CAD (Computer Aided Design), CAM (Computer Aided Manufacturing), and computer-controlled tools and machines.Industrial Automation’s Benefits and DrawbacksHuman operators conduct arduous physical tasks that can be automated.There are ways to keep humans out of hazardous production situations, such as those with high temperatures or high pollution levels.Human operators have difficulty doing jobs that can be easily automated. For example, you might have to lift a lot of weight or work with very little objects.The manufacturing process is always more rapid, and the product’s price is much lower (when compared to the same product that is produced with manual operation).To ensure consistency and uniformity, certain quality control tests can be incorporated into the production process.Increasing the industry’s economy directly improves people’s quality of life because of it.